A recognised (political) refugee
A person who has been granted refugee status by a third state because they were fleeing their country and couldn't return there, without the protection of the latter, through fear of persecution owing to their nationality, race, religion, political opinions or because they belong to a particular social group.
A Beneficiary of Subsidiary Protection
A person who has been granted the status of beneficiary of subsidiary protection because they run a real risk of suffering serious harm or being the victim of blind violence if they return to their country of origin.
An asylum seeker
An individual seeking asylum. They will only be considered a refugee if their application is accepted.
An immigrant
A person who settles in another country. Immigrants choose to move, while refugees are forced to flee.
An economic migrant
A person who changes country in order to work or to have a better economic future. It is correct to use this term when the motivations are purely economic. However, the motivations of migrants are generally very complex and aren't necessarily immediately identifiable.
A stateless person
A person who isn't considered a national by any state and therefore has no nationality. Some (but not all) refugees are stateless. Similarly, stateless persons aren't necessarily refugees.
An Undocumented Migrant
A person who hasn't received permission to stay in the country or who has remained there beyond their residence permit's period of validity. Persons who can be included in this term are those who have been penalised by failings in the system, such as asylum seekers whose application has been refused but who haven't been sent back owing to the state of generalised risk in their country of origin.
The Immigration Office (IO)
The Immigration Office is under the authority of the Federal Public Service Home Affairs to ensure the management of migration flows in collaboration with different partners. It is involved in issuing visas, short and long stays. It is responsible for registering asylum applications in Belgium. The Immigration Office also looks after voluntary returns and the removal of illegal residents.
The Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRS)
The Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRS) is an independent federal public service that offers protection to foreigners who risk persecution or serious harm if they return to their country. The Commissioner General first examines whether the asylum seeker can be recognised as a refugee. If this isn't the case, the file is examined to decide if the asylum seeker can receive the status of subsidiary protection.
The Federal Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (Fedasil) is a parastatal public interest organisation under the authority of the Secretary of State for Asylum Policy and Migration. It is responsible for receiving asylum seekers and other target groups, guaranteeing quality and compliance in different reception facilities and guaranteeing the coordination of the different programmes in terms of voluntary return.
The Council for Alien Law Litigation (CALL / CCE)
The Council for Alien Law Litigation is an independent administrative court. An appeal can be submitted to the Council against decisions of the Commissioner General for Refugees and Stateless Persons, against decisions of the Immigration Office and against any other individual decisions taken regarding access to the territory, stay, establishment and return of foreigners.